The Monster

This, from the series of old lecturettes from defunct courses taught at DU. This is from the class called Villains, Monsters, and Foes, which was a writing workshop as well as a literature course. We covered three kinds of villains in the class: the Monster, Fair-Faced, and Villain Within. For this week (Monster Week–rawr!), we read Stevenson’s Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, Bradbury’s Something Wicked This Way Comes, and an article about Star Wars; Phantom Menace. I may have required the movie’s viewing too, but I don’t recall–it was right around the film’s release, I believe…   ~Jenn



Be afraid…be very afraid…[1]

The wolf is carnivore incarnate; and he’s as cunning as he is ferocious; once he’s had a taste of flesh, then nothing else will do.[2]

The word ‘monster,’ from the Latin monstrare, to show, even suggests that monstrousness is above all visible. But monstrousness is…subject to historical changes in attitudes.[3]

…and I am…cute, too![4]


The monster is terrifying because it is other. The ugly, bestial, unnatural, not of “our” tribe, what-have-you is potentially harmful and therefore decried.


Back in the day, when you lived in a hut on the edge of a wild forest, when winter came, you’d better believe the Wolf was your enemy. Livestock, children, and even adults could fall prey to hungry predators coming too close to the village in search of food. Here enters the Big Bad Wolf, savage Bear, Man-Eating Tiger, and the rest. Beasts also act according to instinct, unlike humans who have rationality to repress certain urges and behavior, so animals came to represent the “bestial” side of human nature as well. In this era of urban living and conservation, animals as such aren’t considered monstrous. In fact, we are so separated from our past struggle with animals that now beasts are cute-ified out of nostalgia. As Marina Warner says, “Tapping the power of the animal no longer seems charged with danger, let alone evil, but rather a necessary part of healing. Art of different media widely accepts the fall of man, from namer and master of animals to a mere hopeful inclusion as one of their number.”[5]  This being so, what is the Beast in recent myth and fairytale?

Beast as Cyborg[6]

The artificial intelligence, living mannequin, the constructed, man-made creature is unnatural, outside of what should be. This is a different tack on the monstrous—the robot monster “represents the apocalyptic culmination of human ingenuity and its diabolical perversion.”[7] Frankenstein’s Monster, the Borg of Star Trek, HAL from 2001-A Space Odyssey, those scary living mannequins in that one Twilight Zone episode, the rogue robots in I, Robot—all these characters are examples of the Beast as Cyborg, the man-made monster.

Our Sample Literature


Mr. Dark continues to scare the hell out of me, to this day.

Hyde is a monster because he is the distilled, separated “beast” half of Jekyll. He has none of Jekyll’s civilized restraint or rational choice of behavior, therefore he unsettles everyone he meets even before they know he’s a murderer. He represents (he is) everything Jekyll despises about himself, everything humans do that is ‘bad’ according to Victorian English society.

Mr. Dark (a yellow-eyed, pockmarked vampire himself) heads a whole sideshow circus out of monsters he has created out of human fears. The Witch, Dwarf, Mr. Electrico and the rest all used to be “normal” humans integrated with their inner darks, but Mr. Dark takes each person’s neurosis and transforms the person into a physical metaphor of that neurosis. In a way, Mr. Dark has refined what Dr. Jekyll clumsily tried. And what exactly are the “autumn people?”

Darth Maul, with his red-and-black facial tattoos, horns, black cloak, and menacing yellow teeth, was obviously designed with old illustrations of the Devil in mind: Maul the monster in this case is the less powerful villain: “the monster who terrifies, who gets what he wants through brute strength and violence.”[8]



[1] This is from The Fly, right? Is it also older than this, or is that it? Yes, she’s showing her ignorance…J

[2] Angela Carter, from “The Company of Wolves” in The Bloody Chamber.

[3] Marina Warner, From the Beast to the Blonde, New York, Noonday Press, 1996.

[4] Grover Monster as Super Grover, Sesame Street, the place where live the biggest population of friendly and cute monsters in the world.

[5] From the Beast to the Blonde again

[6] Warner’s phrase—love it! You will be assimilated…

[7] Ibid. So it’s a good book. Go read it.

[8] Shanti Fader. “In Sheep’s Clothing: the face of evil in the Phantom Menace.” Parabola Winter 1999,p. 88-91.


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